The Bio-Politics of Bees

Industrial Farming and Colony Collapse Disorder


  • Richie Nimmo



Everywhere, honeybees and other insect pollinators are dwindling and dying, in a slowly but relentlessly unfolding crisis that has come to be known as “Colony Collapse Disorder.” This article draws upon theoretical currents from animal studies, environmental sociology and ecofeminism in order to explore the aetiology and significance of this crisis, an animal-techno-ecological assemblage of forbidding complexity and intense controversy. It is argued that the critical animal studies concept of the “animal-industrial complex” offers a potentially fruitful framework for grasping CCD, but that it ultimately rests upon notions of nonhuman animal subjectivity and objectification which do not translate persuasively to eusocial invertebrates such as honeybees. The article therefore develops a bio-political reading of the animal-industrial complex which reworks its conceptual underpinnings such as to render coherent the notion of an “apis-industrial complex.” This bio-political approach is articulated through a critical discussion of the relationship between the industrial organization of agricultural production and the vital materiality of complex living systems.


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Author Biography

Richie Nimmo

Richie Nimmo is a lecturer in sociology at the University of Manchester, UK, where he teaches research methods, human-animal relations and environmental sociology. His research interests lie in the terrain of posthumanism, science studies, ontology and materialities. Currently he is editing a book on actor-network theory and thinking about the Anthropocene. He is the author of Milk, Modernity and the Making of the Human.




How to Cite

Nimmo, Richie. 2015. “The Bio-Politics of Bees: Industrial Farming and Colony Collapse Disorder”. Humanimalia 6 (2):1-20.



Special Section: Animals and Technoculture