Human-Bison Relations as Sites of Settler Colonial Violence and Decolonial Resurgence

Authors

  • Danielle Taschereau Mamers

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52537/humanimalia.9500

Abstract

The near extinction of bison from the North American prairie in the late 19th century made possible the settler colonization of the region and was a devastating rupture in Indigenous lifeways. Settler and Indigenous responses to this extermination reveal, at their core, differing conceptions of human-animal relations. This article analyzes settler and Indigenous narratives of bison extermination and then compares two contemporary conservation policies: the Vermejo Statement’s (2006) ecological recovery model and the Buffalo Treaty’s (2014) decolonial vision for bison restoration. Reading bison extermination and conservation through Indigenous scholarship clarifies how the historical horror of settler colonization has always been a multispecies endeavor. Through an analysis of historical narratives of bison extermination and contemporary bison restoration policies, this article argues that decolonization and conservation require multispecies approaches that take expansive views of human-animal relations. This is a project to which Indigenous thought contributes essential theoretical and methodological tools.

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Author Biography

Danielle Taschereau Mamers

Danielle Taschereau Mamers is an Andrew W. Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Toronto's Jackman Humanities Institute. Her current research investigates the political and symbolic work bison and their histories of extermination and recovery are made to do in North American cultural discourse. Her research has been published in PUBLIC: Art\Culture\Ideas, Journal of Narrative Politics, Photography & Culture, and elsewhere.

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Published

2019-02-07

How to Cite

Taschereau Mamers, D. (2019). Human-Bison Relations as Sites of Settler Colonial Violence and Decolonial Resurgence. Humanimalia, 10(2), 10–41. https://doi.org/10.52537/humanimalia.9500